I met Jerry Garcia in a hotel room in Buffalo, New York on July 3rd, 1989. Right from the start, he was friendly, warm and open, like we were just a couple of guys chatting over some beers. The room was very plain—no flowers, no paraphernalia, no silver trays with notes from admirers. I can’t say, though, what was in the adjoining room, which I knew was his as well, because at one point the connecting door opened and his girlfriend Menashe walked in. She too, was very friendly, and when I said I would be done soon, she told me not to worry, that she just needed something, but I should stay.
At one point I even mentioned that I had heard he had some Jewish
ancestry, but he assured me it wasn’t true. “Well, I’ll skip all the
Jewish questions,” I said. “Oh, go ahead,” he chuckled. It was clear
that he wanted to talk and maybe that was only partly because of the
subject. The rest of it may have been because, well, vegetating in a
hotel room before a gig isn’t the most fun. In fact, at one point he
just out-and-out said, “Talk as long as you want. I don’t have anything
else to do.” It was all very relaxed. I finished up the interview and
that was that.
Then about ten years later, I got a call from Dennis McNally, the Dead’s publicist. He was preparing to write A Long Strange Trip: The Inside History of the Grateful Dead
and had come across the transcript of the interview that I’d sent him
years before. “How did you get this?” he asked. “What do you mean?” I
questioned in return. “You’re the one who set it up.” True, he said, but
no one else had gotten Jerry to open up that way about his psychedelic
experiences, and could he, he wanted to know, use a few quotes in his
book. I gave my okay, and then said, “You know, it was funny. It seemed
like Jerry wanted me to stay, like he wanted the company, but I was just
there as an interviewer, and I couldn’t go beyond my role.” “Tell me
about it,” he answered, surprising me, “I felt that way for years.”
In retrospect, I think I know why Jerry was so forthcoming.
When I met him, I was working on a (still unpublished) book about LSD,
for which I had already interviewed Albert Hofmann, who discovered it,
Timothy Leary, and numerous other people, famous, infamous and unheard
of, who had had memorable roles in psychedelic history. I think the
project appealed to him, because as he put it, “There are a lot of
questions that it would be nice if somebody would address them in a
serious way.” I told Jerry a little bit about what I’d learned, the most
important point being that the supposed dangers of acid were all hype.
He asked me why I was writing about it at all. I told him that LSD had meant a lot to me and I was just being loyal to it. He said he thought that was a good thing. For him, he said, LSD
had made it “easier to not fit” into society, and that instead of
feeling damaged, as a result, he felt that, “In fact, my life has turned
out to be really amazing.” I think Jerry gave me the interview,
because, in the end, he was loyal to it, too.
When was the last time you took psychedelics?
Some time in the last year, maybe mushrooms, because I think it’s
milder, easier to handle. The nervous system stress is something that a
younger body handles better.
You’ve slowed down to what? A couple of times a year?
Yeah, irregularly. It’s not something I plan for. It’s something that
I’m likely to do on impulse. But I always keep some psychedelics around.
I like to have some DMT. I like DMT
‘cause it takes you a long way and it’s short. It doesn’t take a day
and you’re back to reality in like an hour, but in the meantime it sort
of blows out the tubes. In terms of the psychedelic requirement—that you
experience some kind of supernormal perception of some sort or even
imagine that you do, whether it’s in the mind or whatever—if that’s the
criterion, then to me there’s times when that’s helpful. It’s like a
coffee break almost, you know what I mean?
Does legality make a difference?
To me it does. I don’t think it does in the long run, but it does in the
sense of the encroachment of the world at large, the interference of it
with the flow of your experience whatever it may be. The modern world I
find more frightful, that’s why the high energy mass is a little bit
hard to handle, because everything I hear is a siren or a helicopter or
something. It’s like immediate paranoia of some sort—sometimes high
energy paranoia, full of lots of overlapping horror fantasies and
sometimes it’s just interference. And that has to do with something to
do with my connotation, that’s my own personal stamp on what the world
is like. I don’t feel that it’s a kinder, gentler world.
I’m hoping that people will get a better idea about LSD and psychedelics just from the collective sense of what it really means to people.
For me it was a profoundly life changing experience. It has a lot to do
with where I am now and why I’m here and why I do what I do and it all
fits in and it was all happening as I was making the decisions to become
who I am, you know what I mean? So it all steered me directly into this
Were there specific insights? Does it reduce to any kinds of things you can actually talk about?
Well, a couple of like cute one-liners, but basically they don’t
translate out here. They have to do with my personality and the voice
that’s speaking to me had the same sense of humor. It isn’t like I can’t
talk about it. For example, there was one time when I thought that
everybody on earth had been evacuated in flying saucers and the only
people left were these sort of lifeless automatons that were walking
around, and there’s that kind of sound of that hollow mocking laughter,
when you realize that you’re the butt of the universe’s big joke.
There’s a certain sardonic quality to it that I recognize as my own
You’ve talked about there being a scary side.
For me some of the scary ones were the most memorable. I had one where I
thought I died multiple times. It got into this thing of death, kind of
the last scene, the last scene of hundreds of lives and thousands of
incarnations and insect deaths and these, like, kinds of life where I
remember spending some long bout, like eons, as kind of sentient fields
of wheat, that kind of stuff. Incredible things and these sort of long,
pastoral extraterrestrial kind of cultures, kind of bringing in the
sheaves sort of things.
So it was through the dark period and then up again?
Yeah. There was one time that was really memorable, actually it scared
me silly but it was also wonderful. One time when I had taken LSD and I think artificial mescaline, and the LSD
was “White Lightening” which was incredibly strong and very, very pure.
I remember I was lying down on the grass and we were living at the time
in a large sort of ranch place in northern California, the band was,
and we were all tripping that day, us and a lot of friends. I was lying
on the grass and I closed my eyes and I had this sensation of perceiving
with my eyes closed—it was as though they were open. I still have this
field of vision and the field of vision had a partly visible pattern in
it and then I had this thing that outside the field that little thing
that you spin around and it takes the little strip of metal off? It was
like that and it began stripping around the outside of the field of
vision until I had a 360 degree view, and it revealed this pattern and
the pattern said “All” in incredible neon. It was, (laughing) it was one
of those kinds of experiences. But the fact that these things are
happening to you in your own personal language means that they have
something to do with whatever it is that’s in your own personal
programming. Now a lot of this stuff that I experienced and saw and felt
and so forth are things that I don’t think I picked up in this
existence. They aren’t directly memories. They aren’t some kind of
fusion. They aren’t things I’ve read in books. I don’t know what they
were or where they come from. So, there are a lot of questions that
would be nice if somebody would address them in a serious way. It’s one
of the reasons it’s unfortunate that psychedelics have become confused
You have said that the Acid Tests were the best environment for taking acid.
It was for me. A lot of people freaked out though. A lot of people
became completely unglued, absolutely. I can’t unqualifiedly say that
this was really totally great. My personal experiences were absolutely
Why were the acid tests so good for you personally? The freedom?
Yeah, the freedom had a lot to do with it and the synergy—the thing of
lots of things happening at once. No specific focus which meant that the
kind of pattern beyond randomness, the whole study of chaos has been an
interesting kind of affirmation of this sense that when you take away
the order something is left. Another level of order comes to the
surface. So in that sense the modern study of chaos—fractals and
[Benoit] Mandelbrot’s chaos—reflects to me something about the way the
Acid Test was when you took the order away from it, the focus away from
it and all of the traditional trappings of the division between audience
and performer. Say you put a bunch of people in that setting,
everything becomes everything, audience and performers are one. The
performance and the reality outside the performance are one. And all
these things start to happen on other levels and it’s terribly
interesting. It’s more than interesting.
What was it like playing the Acid Tests?
It wasn’t one of those things where people paid to come and see us
specifically, so we had the option to be able to not play, and there
were times when we would play maybe 20 bars and everybody would come
unglued and we’d all split. So there were times when we really didn’t
want to play, but there were times when we really did want to play, and
not only could we play, but since nobody had any expectations about what
we were going to play, we could play anything that came into our minds.
Does this have something to do with expectations?
We’ve chosen to go with the thing of we don’t care whether they have
expectations or not. We do what we want to do anyway, because what’s in
it for us otherwise? We don’t want to be entertainers. We want to play
music. That’s what we want to do and we want the music to be interesting
for us as performers.
Did you ever have contact with the more scientific side who said you were just wasting your time, destroying yourselves?
People used to say it all the time about the Acid Tests. Too high
energy, it’s dangerous, the kind of stodgy, Tim Leary school of the east
coast, very cheerful, this is a sacrament.
And what did you say in return?
We said, “Well, who said that we are all doing the same thing? I mean we aren’t researching, we’re partying. We’re having fun.”
A lot of people I’ve interviewed said you get nothing from just partying with LSD.
That was the difference between us and them. For me it was very profound
on lots of levels. Going off into the woods and being meditative didn’t
cough up anything for me except for how pretty everything is. I got my
flashes from seeing other people and interacting with other people,
because I was also looking for something in this world not out of it. I
was looking for a way to get through this life, not a way to transcend
Have your feelings about LSD changed over the years?
They haven’t changed much. My feelings about LSD
are mixed. It’s something that I both fear and that I love at the same
time. I never take any psychedelic, have a psychedelic experience,
without having that feeling of, “I don’t know what’s going to happen.”
In that sense, it’s still fundamentally an enigma and a mystery.
What drugs do you do now and how much do you do them including alcohol and nicotine.
I still smoke cigarettes, I don’t drink alcohol very much, once in a while a little bit.
How many cigarettes do you smoke?
I smoke a couple packs a day.
Do you still smoke marijuana?
Once in a while. Not so much as I used to. I sort of stopped. I got into
a substance abuse program of my own which went on for quite a long time
and then I stopped taking drugs. I quit drugs, I got off them. And I
went all the way with drugs. I mean I got into serious hard drugs.
Did you ever put your own physical safety in jeopardy while you were tripping?
Lots of times.
Can you give an example?
Just being without a shirt, that kind of stuff. I mean it’s a thing, you
know, what’s your physical safety? Other times I don’t know whether I
did or not because I got through it. I went walking in traffic and
stuff, but I never thought I was in any kind of danger ‘cause I could
see what was coming. I drove a lot of times when I could barely wind my
way through the hallucinations. But the fact that I’m here means that I
didn’t feel I was risking my life. If I thought I was, I probably
Did you ever put anybody else’s physical safety in jeopardy while you were tripping?
I may have, just by being a member of the Grateful Dead. You know, every
once in a while there are people who jump off the balcony. They’re
leapers and stuff, people who think they can make it happen.
Did you have passengers in your car when you were driving?
I’ve had passengers in the car, but I never once felt that I was risking
anybody. I would never risk anybody without risking myself first.
Did you ever make love on acid?
Yeah. It wasn’t for me because one of the things I like about
psychedelics was the thing of being liberated from your body. I had a
sense of remoteness from my body. Some people, that was their whole
trip. But for me it never seemed very appealing. It was too something,
too much of the sensorium or something. “Ah, God, it’s too loud,” you
know? It wasn’t a very good experience for me.
Should ordinary people be allowed to take LSD?
Why not? I mean, maybe it turns out that there are no such things as ordinary people. Maybe all people are extraordinary.
Did taking LSD change your feelings on death?
Sure. I’m not nearly so afraid of death anymore. I don’t think I was
terribly afraid of it before, it never was one of my hang-ups, but I
think it really erased anything about fearing it. Psychedelics at their
most powerful are scarier than death.
What advice would you give someone contemplating their first trip now?
I’d say go for it. Bring a friend.
Let’s talk about music for a moment. Do you feel some songs are much more psychedelic than others?
No, I don’t. The audience does. There are schools of thought about this,
but for me all music is psychedelic. Country and western music is
psychedelic. The blues is psychedelic. Everything is psychedelic. All
Let’s go back to your first psychedelic experience—peyote. Who gave it to you?
I don’t even remember where I got it from, from a connection that had
something to do with the old cabal in Berkeley and there were some
people who were members of the Native American church who got it through
legitimate channels from the Navahos, Hopis, whatever.
This was before you met Ken Kesey or anything?
Yeah, a long time before that. My friend Bob Hunter had his psychedelics
in the federal program at Stanford where Kesey got turned on to it. So I
had known about psychedelics and of course I had read The Doors of Perception and saw this show about LSD
where they thought at the time that it was producing what they
described as a temporary madness, a temporary schizophrenia. I remember
being very impressed by this artist who was drawing. He was in this just
incredible ecstasy and he was drawing strange things. I thought, “God,
I’d love to get some of that,” even when I was a kid.
How was it?
I didn’t get off very good from my first peyote experiences because the
taste was so hideously horrible. I got sick as a dog of course and I
mean I really wasn’t prepared for it and it wasn’t that great. I mean I
had been much weirder before, taking speed for five days and
hallucinating madly at the end of it. I already knew that there was
Is there any experience that stands out as the highest?
The experience of the dying many deaths. It started to get more and more
in kind of a feedback loop, this thing where I was suddenly in the last
frames of my life, and then it was like, “Here’s that moment where I
die.” I run up the stairs and there’s this demon with a spear who gets
me right between the eyes. I run up the stairs there’s a woman with a
knife who stabs me in the back. I run up the stairs and there’s this
business partner who shoots me. Boom. And it was like playing the last
frame of a movie over and over with subtle variations and that branched
out into a million deaths of all sorts and descriptions. I don’t think I
ever really recovered from it.
Well what does that mean? You mean you were transformed by it?
Yeah, I was a different person then again.
Well what do you make of reality now?
I think it’s mostly a joke pretty much. It’s hard to take it very
seriously just because I know that just around the corner,
metaphorically speaking, there’s a whole lot more. There’s a whole lot
of other stuff. I don’t know what it is or why it’s there or why it’s so
highly organized, but I know that this reality is basically tossing
cards in a hat. In the face of all of the stuff there is in the mind.
Why shouldn’t LSD be considered as just another drug?
My feeling about it is that all drugs should be legal. I think heroin
should be legal. I think that cocaine should be legal. I don’t mean
legal exactly. If they want to take the narco dollar out of existence.
If they want to make it so that that huge sum of money that people are
spending that the economy is going, it’s leaving this country, the way
to do it is to make it so that people pay what they’re actually the cost
of. I mean, drugs are not expensive.
The thing is that you say it’s different. We all feel it’s different. But what is the difference?
I think the difference is that LSD is not
strictly pleasurable. I think that you could take cocaine and pretty
much never scare yourself or heroin for that matter. Apart from having
an overdose and being uncomfortable for a while—say, for cocaine or
dying with heroin—but you certainly die peacefully. LSD can scare you and that’s one of the things that makes it different.
The last thing I want to ask you about, this is sort of an
odd question but it’s a simple one: Why are you giving me this
I want to be able to say to people in this time, with the big “Just Say
No” where everybody is so roundly against drugs, that, hey, not all drug
experiences are negative. I would like for that minority voice to be
heard. Some drug experiences are quite positive and can be
life-enhancing and can be pleasant and can be not dangerous and don’t
necessarily promote criminal activity.
One of the quotes that I read was that you realized there was more than we’d been allowed to believe.
Who allows us?
That’s what I wonder. Who is the guy, where does it say, even in the ten
commandments, “Thou shalt not get high. Thou shalt not change your
consciousness”? Who says? The way I understood it, it was helpful to
change your consciousness sometimes.
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